This panel explores regional interdependencies of democratization in Asia in the cases of Indonesia, South Korea, Pakistan, the Philippines and Thailand. By examining features of the state, economy and society in each country, the panel will track each nation’s political evolution until today. Each case represents a different level of democracy (or lack thereof). Democratization—in terms of Social Democracy—involves development towards comprehensive and inclusive peoples’ participation in the society as a whole. The means to achieve this is through democratically mediated social control of the state and the economy.
Democratization processes are multi-dimensional developments of state structures, economic relations and societal institutions. The analysis of the mode of interaction between state, economy and society allows a determination of the democratic conditions of any given country.
Finally we assume that there are regionally specific characteristics in the way countries’ state structures, economic conditions, and societal institutions within a given region interact, and that this set of relations tends to determine the political development of individual countries. This does not exclude the possibility of variances or digressions from what would be a general pattern. Geostrategic factors contribute to shape regional interdependencies.
The five cases in this panel explore democratization within Asia and the interdependencies among them.
- Dr. S. Akbar Zaidi (Columbia University, New York City, USA, and Karachi
University, Karachi, Pakistan) — The case of Pakistan
- Dr. Brendan Howe (Ehwa University, Seoul, South Korea) — The case of South Korea
- Dr. Napisa Waitoolkiat and Dr. Paul Chambers (Naresuan University,
Phitsanulok, Thailand)—The case of Thailand
- Dr. Sylvia Yazid (Universitas Katolik Parahyangan, Bandung, Indonesia)— The case of Indonesia
- Dr. Julio Teehankee and Dr. Cleo Calimbahin (De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines) — The case of the Philippines